One to one maths interventions built for KS4 success

Weekly online one to one GCSE maths revision lessons now available

In order to access this I need to be confident with:

Negative numbers Substitution CoordinatesAddition and subtraction

Multiplication and division

This topic is relevant for:

Here we will learn about **plotting graphs**, including how to plot straight-line graphs and the graphs of curves including quadratic graphs and cubic graphs

There are also plotting graphs worksheets and exam-style questions based on Edexcel, AQA and OCR exam questions, along with further guidance on where to go next if you’re still stuck.

**Plotting graphs** allows us to accurately plot coordinates onto a grid to produce the graph of a function.

We can plot a variety of different graphs. Linear functions which produce straight-line graphs but we can also plot other polynomials such as quadratic functions or cubic functions and exponential functions.

To do this we need to find x -coordinates and their y -coordinates.

These are plotted on x-y axes and the points are joined up.

For example,

y = 3x + 2

In order to plot a graph:

**Find the coordinates.****Plot the coordinates on the axes.****Join up the coordinates.**

Get your free plotting graphs worksheet of 20+ sketching surds questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

COMING SOONGet your free plotting graphs worksheet of 20+ sketching surds questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

COMING SOONComplete the table of values for y=2x+3 and then on the grid draw the graph of y=2x+3:

**Find the coordinates.**

We need to find the missing y -coordinates. We do this by substituting the x -values into the equation.

For example,

When x = -1

When y = 2(-1) + 3 = -2 + 3 = 1

2**Plot the coordinates on the axes.**

The x -values and y -values in the table give coordinates to plot on the grid.

(-2,-1), \ (-1, 1) and so on. The points should be plotted with small crosses.

3**Join up the coordinates.**

The coordinates need to be joined up with a straight-line. The line can be extended beyond the first and last points.

On the grid draw the graph of y=3x-4 for values of x from -2 to 4:

**Find the coordinates.**

We need to make our own table. We can choose at least 3 \ x -values. Simple x -values such as 0, 1, and 2 will be sensible. We can then find the corresponding y -coordinates. We do this by substituting the x -values into the equation.

For example,

When x=1

y=3(1)-4=3-4=-1

**Plot the coordinates on the axes.**

The x -values and y -values in the table give coordinates to plot on the grid.

(0,-4), \ (1, -1) and (2,2). The points should be plotted with small crosses.

**Join up the coordinates.**

The coordinates need to be joined up with a straight-line. The line can be extended beyond the first and last points to cover the whole of the grid.

Complete the table of values for y=x^{2}-3x and then on the grid draw the graph of y=x^{2}-3x.

**Find the coordinates.**

We need to find the missing y -coordinates. We do this by substituting the x -values into the equation.

For example,

When x=-1

y=(-1)^2-3(-1)=1+3=4

**Plot the coordinates on the axes.**

The x -values and y -values in the table give coordinates to plot on the grid.

(-1,4), \ (0, 0) and so on. The points should be plotted with small crosses.

**Join up the coordinates.**

The coordinates need to be joined up with a single smooth curve. The curve can be extended beyond the first and last points.

Complete the table of values for y=x^{3}+2x^{2}-3x and then on the grid draw the graph of y=x^{3}+2x^{2}-3x:

**Find the coordinates.**

We need to find the missing y -coordinates. We do this by substituting the x -values into the equation.

For example,

When x=-2

y=(-2)^3+2(-2)^2-3(-2)=-8+8+6=6

**Plot the coordinates on the axes.**

The x -values and y -values in the table give coordinates to plot on the grid.

(-3,0), \ (-2, 6) and so on. The points should be plotted with small crosses.

**Join up the coordinates.**

Complete the table of values for y=2^x and then on the grid draw the graph of y=2^x:

**Find the coordinates.**

For example,

When x=-1

y=2^{-1} = 0.5

**Plot the coordinates on the axes.**

The x -values and y -values in the table give coordinates to plot on the grid.

(-1,0.5), \ (0, 1) and so on. The points should be plotted with small crosses.

**Join up the coordinates.**

In order to plot a straight line graph using the intercept method:

**Substitute**\bf{x=0}**to find the**\textbf{y}**-intercept.****Substitute**\bf{y=0}**to find the**\textbf{x}**-intercept.****Join the two points, then substitute the values of a third point to check your answer.**

On the grid draw the graph of 2x+3y=12.

**Substitute ** \bf{x=0} ** to find the ** \textbf{y} **-intercept.**

Because of the way the equation of the straight-line is written, it is simple to substitute x=0 to find where the line crosses the y -axis.

\begin{aligned} 2x+3y &= 12 \\\\ 2(0)+3y &=12\\\\ 3y&=12\\\\ y&=4 \end{aligned}

This means the line crosses the y -axis at 4. The y -intercept is 4.

**Substitute ** \bf{y=0} ** to find the ** \textbf{x} **-intercept.**

Similarly it is simple to substitute y=0, to find where the line crosses the x -axis.

\begin{aligned} 2x+3y &= 12 \\\\ 2x+3(0) &=12\\\\ 2x&=12\\\\ x&=6 \end{aligned}

This means the line crosses the x -axis at 6. The x -intercept is 6.

**Join the two points, then substitute the values of a third point to check your answer.**

Join the two points with a straight line.

Always check your answer by substituting the values of a third point into the original equation.

The point (3,2) lies on the line we have drawn. We substitute x=3, \ y=2 into the equation 2x+3y=12 to check.

\begin{aligned} 2x+3y &= 12 \\\\ 2(3)+3(2) &=12\\\\ 6+6&=12 \end{aligned}

The statement is correct, so we know that our line is drawn correctly.

Draw the graph of 2x+3y=18.

**Substitute ** \bf{x=0} ** to find the ** \textbf{y} **-intercept.**

Substitute x=0 into 2x+3y=18.

\begin{aligned} 2x+3y &= 18 \\\\
2(0)+3y &=18\\\\
3y&=18\\\\
y&=6
\end{aligned}

This means the line crosses the y -axis at 4. The y -intercept is 4.

**Substitute ** \bf{y=0} ** to find the ** \textbf{x} **-intercept.**

Substitute y=0 into 2x+3y=18.

\begin{aligned} 2x+3y &= 18 \\\\
2x+3(0) &=18\\\\
2x&=18\\\\
x&=9
\end{aligned}

This means the line crosses the x -axis at 9. The x -intercept is 9.

**Join the two points, then substitute the values of a third point to check your answer.**

Join the two points with a straight line:

Always check your answer by substituting the values of a third point into the original equation.

The point (3,4) lies on the line we have drawn. We substitute x=3, \ y=4 into the equation 2x+3y=18 to check.

\begin{aligned} 2x+3y &= 18 \\\\
2(3)+3(4) &=18\\\\
6+12&=18
\end{aligned}

The statement is correct, so we know that our line is drawn correctly.

Draw the graph of 4x-2y=20.

**Substitute ** \bf{x=0} ** to find the ** \textbf{y} **-intercept.**

Substitute x=0 into 4x-2y=20.

\begin{aligned}4x-2y &= 20 \\\\
4(0)-2y &=20\\\\
-2y&=20\\\\
y&=-10
\end{aligned}

This means the line crosses the y -axis at -10. The y -intercept is -10.

**Substitute ** \bf{y=0} ** to find the ** \textbf{x} **-intercept.**

Substitute y=0 into 4x-2y=20.

\begin{aligned} 4x-2y &= 20 \\\\ 4x-2(0) &=20\\\\ 4x&=20\\\\ x&=5 \end{aligned}

This means the line crosses the x -axis at 5. The x -intercept is 5.

**Join the two points, then substitute the values of a third point to check your answer.**

Join the two points with a straight line:

Always check your answer by substituting the values of a third point into the original equation.

The point (4,-2) lies on the line we have drawn. We substitute x=4, \ y=-2 into the equation 4x-2y=20 to check.

\begin{aligned} 4x-2y &= 20 \\\\
4(4)-2(-2) &=20\\\\
16+4&=20
\end{aligned}

The statement is correct, so we know that our line is drawn correctly.

**Take care with negative values**

It is easy to make mistakes when substituting negative values into algebraic expressions.

For example, substituting x=-2 into y=x^{2}+3 will be:

y=(-2)^2+3=4+3=7 \ \color{green} \textbf{✔}

NOT

y=-2^2+3=-4+3=-1 \ \color{red} \textbf{✘}

**Graphs of quadratic functions have symmetry**

Graphs of quadratic functions have a line of symmetry. This can be useful as a check on whether you have plotted the points correctly.

**Turning points should be drawn carefully**

Quadratic graphs and cubic graphs have turning points. They should be drawn with care so they are not very flat, nor very pointy.

1. Complete the table of values for y=5x-4.

The missing y -coordinates can be found by substituting the x -values into y=5x-4.

When x=-1, \ y=5\times -1-4=-5-4=-9

When x=0, \ y=5\times 0-4=0-4=-4

When x=2, \ y=5\times 2-4=10-4=6

2. Draw the graph of y=4-2x.

The graph of y=4-2x is a straight-line going through these points.

The points should be joined with a straight-line.

3. Draw the graph of 4x+3y=24.

We can work out where the line crosses the axes.

To find where the line crosses the y -axis, substitute x=0.

\begin{aligned}
4x+3y &= 24 \\\\
4(0)+3y &=24\\\\
3y&=24\\\\
y&=8
\end{aligned}

This means the line crosses the y -axis at 8.

To find where the line crosses the x -axis, substitute y=0.

\begin{aligned}
4x+3y &= 24 \\\\
4x+3(0) &=24\\\\
4x&=24\\\\
x&=6
\end{aligned}

This means the line crosses the x -axis at 6.

4. Complete the table of values for y=x^{2}+2x.

The missing y -coordinates can be found by substituting the x -values into y=x^{2}+2x.

When x=-2, \ y=(-2)^2 +2(-2)=4-4=0

When x=1, \ y=(1)^2 +2(1)=1+2=3

When x=2, \ y=(2)^2 +2(2)=4+4=8

5. Draw the graph of y=x^{2}-3.

The graph of y=x^{2}-3 is a curve going through these points.

The points should be joined with a smooth curve.

6. Complete the table of values for y=4^{x}.

The missing y -coordinates can be found by substituting the x -values into y=4^{x}.

When x=-1, \ y=4^{-1}=0.25

When x=1, \ y=4^1=4

When x=2, \ y=4^2=16

1. (a) Complete the table of values for y=3x-5.

(b) On the grid draw the graph of y=3x-5, for the values of x from -1 to 3.

**(4 marks)**

Show answer

(a)

For two correct y -values.

**(1)**

For all four correct y -values.

**(1)**

(b)

For at least 4 points correctly plotted.

**(1)**

For graph fully drawn correctly.

**(1)**

2. (a) Complete the table of values for y=x^{2}+3x-1.

(b) On the grid draw the graph of y=3x-5, for the values of x from -3 to 3.

**(4 marks)**

Show answer

(a)

For two correct y -values.

**(1)**

For all four correct y -values.

**(1)**

(b)

For at least 6 points correctly plotted.

**(1)**

For graph fully drawn correctly.

**(1)**

3. (a) Complete the table of values for y=\frac{12}{x}.

(b) On the grid draw the graph of y=\frac{12}{x}, for the values of x from 1 to 12.

**(4 marks)**

Show answer

(a)

For two correct y -values.

**(1)**

For all four correct y -values.

**(1)**

(b)

For at least 4 points correctly plotted.

**(1)**

For graph fully drawn correctly.

**(1)**

You have now learned how to:

- Plot straight-line graphs
- Plot graphs of functions including quadratic functions, cubic functions and exponential functions

- Inequalities on a graph
- Transformations of graphs
- Vectors
- Trigonometry
- Graphs of trigonometric functions

Prepare your KS4 students for maths GCSEs success with Third Space Learning. Weekly online one to one GCSE maths revision lessons delivered by expert maths tutors.

Find out more about our GCSE maths revision programme.