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Teaching Times Tables In Primary: A Guide For Primary School Teachers From Year 2 To Year 6

Times tables are a crucial maths skill that primary children must learn. Throughout Years 2-6 (and often earlier) children will begin to learn their times tables, starting with the 5 and 10 times tables and gradually adding more times tables up until they know their times tables up to 12. 

With such a focus on primary students’ learning times tables it can often be tricky for teachers to devise a teaching plan that will really resonate with students and go beyond just repetitive rote memorisation. 

30 Times Tables Tests and Answers

30 Times Tables Tests and Answers

Test your students' knowledge of times tables with this free pack of times tables tests and answers

At Third Space Learning, we believe in maths mastery; going beyond memorisation and instilling a deep understanding of mathematical concepts in our students. Our online one-to-one tutoring is specialised to the needs of each individual student and aims to fill gaps in understanding and build confidence in maths.

This belief has led us to create this bank of times tables worksheets, blogs, teacher tips, practice questions, quizzes, activities and resources to support teachers and to help young maths learners master their times tables.

times tables lessons slide
Example of a Third Space Learning online one-to-one lesson slide

When do children learn times tables? 

Children will begin learning their multiplication tables in Year 2. In Year 2 children will learn to count in 2s, 5s and 10s.

2 Times Tables5 Times Tables10 Times Tables
1 x 2 = 21 x 5 = 51 x 10 = 10
2 x 2 = 42 x 5 = 102 x 10 = 20
3 x 2 = 63 x 5 = 153 x 10 = 30
4 x 2 = 84 x 5 = 204 x 10 = 40
5 x 2 = 105 x 5 = 255 x 10 = 50
6 x 2 = 126 x 5 = 306 x 10 = 60
7 x 2 = 147 x 5 = 357 x 10 = 70
8 x 2 = 168 x 5 = 408 x 10 = 80
9 x 2 = 189 x 5 = 459 x 10 = 90
10 x 2 = 2010 x 5 = 5010 x 10 = 100
11 x 2 = 2211 x 5 = 5511 x 10 = 110
12 x 2 = 2412 x 5 = 6012 x 10 = 120

In Year 3, children will add their 3s, 4s and 8s, times tables.

3 Times Tables4 Times Tables8 Times Tables
1 x 3 = 31 x 4 = 41 x 8 = 8
2 x 3 = 62 x 4 = 82 x 8 = 16
3 x 3 = 93 x 4 = 123 x 8 = 24
4 x 3 = 124 x 4 = 164 x 8 = 32
5 x 3 = 155 x 4 = 205 x 8 = 40
6 x 3 = 18 6x 4 = 246 x 8 = 48
7 x 3 = 217 x 4 = 287 x 8 = 56
8 x 3 = 248 x 4 = 328 x 8 = 64
9 x 3 = 279 x 4 = 369 x 8 = 72
10 x 3 = 3010 x 4 = 4010 x 8 = 80
11 x 3 = 3311 x 4 = 4411 x 8 = 88
12 x 3 = 3612 x 4 = 4812 x 8 = 96

In Year 4 students will be expected to know their times tables through to 12×12, ready for the Year 4 times tables check.

6 Times Tables7 Times Tables9 Times Tables11 Times Tables12 Times Tables
1 × 6 = 61 × 7 = 71 x 9 = 91 x 12 = 111 x 12 = 12
2 × 6 = 122 × 7 = 142 x 9 = 182 x 11 = 222 x 12 = 24
3 × 6 = 183 × 7 = 213 x 9 = 273 x 11 = 333 x 12 = 36
4 × 6 = 244 × 7 = 284 x 9 = 364 x 11 = 444 x 12 = 48
5 × 6 = 305 × 7 = 355 x 9 = 455 x 11 = 555 x 12 = 60
6 × 6 = 366 × 7 = 426 x 9 = 546 x 11 = 666 x 12 = 72
7 × 6 = 427 × 7 = 497 x 9 = 637 x 11 = 777 x 12 = 84
8 × 6 = 488 × 7 = 568 x 9 =728 x 11 = 888 x 12 = 96
9 × 6 = 549 × 7 = 639 x 9 = 819 x 11 = 999 x 12 = 108
10 × 6 = 6010 × 7 = 7010 x 9 = 9010 x 11 = 11010 x 12 = 120
11 × 6 = 6611 × 7 = 7711 x 9 = 9911 x 11 = 12111 x 12 = 132
12 × 6 = 7212 × 7 = 8412 x 9 =10812 x 11 = 13212 x 12 = 144

In Years 5 and 6, children are expected to be confident with their multiplication facts and they will move onto more complex calculations, multiplying two-digit and three-digit numbers. 

What is the Year 4 times tables check?

The Year 4 multiplication tables check is an informal test that children will sit in Year 4 to assess their understanding of their times tables. 

We have a detailed walk through of all students, parents and teachers need to know about the Year 4 times tables test.

How best to teach the times tables? 

How to teach times tables can vary from teacher to teacher and will depend on the student, however, we’ve worked with experienced primary teachers to assemble a list of suggestions that we hope will make the task a bit easier.

Using learning aids

Using manipulatives and learning aids can really help with learning times tables. Take a look at different ways of using a times table grid to explain the concepts of multiplication and division

Times tables maths games

Times table games can also be a fun way of studying times tables. More engaging activities can actually be more memorable as well and help children to recall their multiplication facts. Take a look at our collection of times tables games and multiplication games for another approach on how to learn times tables.

We hope that this collection of times tables practice will come in handy in your primary maths classroom. For more discussions on teaching primary maths content see also: multiplication and division.

Do you have pupils who need extra support in maths?
Every week Third Space Learning’s maths specialist tutors support thousands of pupils across hundreds of schools with weekly online 1-to-1 lessons and maths interventions designed to plug gaps and boost progress.

Since 2013 we’ve helped over 130,000 primary and secondary school pupils become more confident, able mathematicians. Learn more or request a personalised quote for your school to speak to us about your school’s needs and how we can help.

Primary school tuition targeted to the needs of each child and closely following the National Curriculum.

Vanessa Sipple-Asher
Vanessa Sipple-Asher
Third Space Learning
Content Team
Vanessa edits a lot of the content that you see on the Third Space Learning blog and once in a while, she gets the chance to write articles about maths education and how Third Space Learning can help students and teachers.
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30 Times Tables Tests and Answers

30 Times Tables Tests and Answers

Test your students' knowledge of times tables with this free pack of times tables tests and answers

Download Free Now!

30 Times Tables Tests and Answers

Downloadable resource

Test your students' knowledge of times tables with this free pack of times tables tests and answers

Download Free Now!
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FREE KS2 maths SATs practice papers

Get ready for SATs with this set of 6 maths SATs practice papers designed to help your Year 6 pupils improve test skills and build confidence.

Includes:
- 2 arithmetic and 4 reasoning papers that follow the National Curriculum Assessments.
- Mark schemes to diagnose and assess where your pupils need extra support.

Download free