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Here we will learn about the hemisphere shape*,* including what a hemisphere is and how to calculate the volume of a hemisphere and the surface area of a hemisphere.

There are also hemisphere shape worksheets based on Edexcel, AQA and OCR exam questions, along with further guidance on where to go next if you’re still stuck.

A **hemisphere shape** is a three-dimensional shape that is half of a sphere.

To visualise this let’s look at a sphere. A sphere is a 3D shape where every point of its surface is equidistant (the same distance) from the centre of the sphere.

It has a radius r.

A hemisphere is half of a sphere. The prefix “hemi” means half.

You may have come across the word hemisphere in the real life context of planet Earth. We can split the world into 2 equal halves – the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere.

A hemisphere is a geometric shape which has a curved surface area and a flat face, which is a circle.

A hemisphere has no vertices and one edge. It is not made up of polygons, so it is not a polyhedron.

Faces: 2

Edges: 1

Vertices: 0

The** volume of a hemisphere** is based on the volume of a sphere.

To calculate the volume of a sphere, where r is the radius of the sphere, we use the formula

\text{Volume of a sphere}=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3.To find the volume of a hemisphere we** halve the volume of a sphere**.

Here is the** volume of a hemisphere formula**, for a hemisphere with radius r,

or

\text{Volume of a hemisphere}=\frac{2}{3} \pi r^{3}**Step-by-step guide:** Volume of a hemisphere

The **surface area of a hemisphere **is based on the surface area of a sphere.

To calculate the surface area of a sphere with radius r, we can use the formula

\text{Surface area of a sphere}=4\pi{r}^{2}.So to find the curved surface area of the hemisphere we need to **halve the surface area of the sphere**.

However this would only give the curved surface area. If we want the total surface area, we need to** add the area of the base**.

The area of the base, which is a circle, is given by \pi r^{2}.

Here is the** surface area of a hemisphere formula**, for a hemisphere with radius r

\text{Total surface area of a hemisphere}=2\pi{r}^{2}+\pi{r}^{2}=3\pi{r}^{2} .

**Step-by-step guide:** Surface area of a hemisphere

In order to work out the volume or surface area of a hemisphere:

**Write down the formula for the sphere.****Adapt the formula for the question.****Substitute in the value.****Write the final answer.**

Get your free hemisphere shape worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

COMING SOONGet your free hemisphere shape worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

COMING SOONFind the volume of a hemisphere with radius 12.4 \ cm. Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

We need to consider the formula for the volume of a sphere.

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^32**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula needs to be halved for the volume of a hemisphere.

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3 \div 23**Substitute in the value.**

Then we substitute in the value 12.4 in place of r.

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi (12.4)^3 \div 24**Write the final answer.**

The answer is 3993.223…

This rounds to give 3990 \ cm^3 (to 3 significant figures) as the volume of the hemisphere.

Find the volume of a hemisphere with radius 15 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

We need to consider the formula for the volume of a sphere.

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula needs to be halved for the volume of a hemisphere.

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3 \div 2

**Substitute in the value.**

Then we substitute in the value 15 in place of r.

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi (15)^3 \div 2

**Write the final answer.**

The volume of the hemisphere is 2250\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^{3} .

Find the curved surface area of a hemisphere with diameter 4.5 \ m. Give your answer correct to 1 decimal place.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

We need to consider the formula for the surface area of a sphere.

\text{Surface Area}=4\pi{r}^{2}

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula needs to be halved for the curved surface area of a hemisphere.

\text{Curved Surface Area}=4\pi{r}^{2}\div 2=2\pi{r}^{2}

**Substitute in the value.**

We have been given a diameter 4.5. We need to divide the diameter by 2 to get the radius. So we substitute in the value 2.25 in place of r.

\text{Curved Surface Area}=2\pi(2.25)^{2}

**Write the final answer.**

The answer is 31.808…

This rounds to give 31.8 \ m^2 (to 1 decimal place) as the curved surface area of the hemisphere.

Find the total surface area of a hemisphere with radius 7.6 \ cm. Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

We need to consider the formula for the surface area of a sphere.

\text{Surface Area}=4\pi{r}^{2}

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula needs to be halved for the curved surface area of a hemisphere.

\text{Curved Surface Area}=4\pi{r}^{2}\div 2=2\pi{r}^{2}

But, we need to also add the area of the circular base to get the total surface area of the hemisphere.

\text{Total Surface Area}=2\pi{r}^{2}+\pi{r}^{2}=3\pi{r}^{2}

**Substitute in the value.**

Then we substitute in the value 7.6 in place of r.

\text{Total Surface Area}=3\pi(7.6)^{2}

**Write the final answer.**

The answer is 544.375…

This rounds to give 544 \ cm^2 (to 3 significant figures) as the total surface area of the hemisphere.

Find the curved surface area of a hemisphere with radius 8 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

We need to consider the formula for the surface area of a sphere.

\text{Surface Area}=4\pi{r}^{2}

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula needs to be halved for the curved surface area of a hemisphere.

\text{Curved Surface Area}=4\pi{r}^{2}\div 2=2\pi{r}^{2}

**Substitute in the value.**

Then we substitute in the value 8 in place of r.

\text{Curved Surface Area}=2\pi(8)^{2}

**Write the final answer.**

The curved surface area of the hemisphere is 128\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^{2} .

Find the total surface area of a hemisphere with diameter 10 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

We need to consider the formula for the surface area of a sphere.

\text{Surface Area}=4\pi{r}^{2}

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula needs to be halved for the curved surface area of a hemisphere.

\text{Curved Surface Area}=4\pi{r}^{2}\div 2=2\pi{r}^{2}

But, we need to also add the area of the circular base to get the total surface area of the hemisphere.

\text{Total Surface Area}=2\pi{r}^{2}+\pi{r}^{2}=3\pi{r}^{2}

**Substitute in the value.**

We have been given a diameter 10. We need to divide the diameter by 2 to get the radius. So we substitute in the value 5 in place of r.

\text{Total Surface Area}=3\pi(5)^{2}

**Write the final answer.**

The total surface area of the hemisphere is 75\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^{2} .

**Using the correct formula**

There are several formulas that can be used in geometry, so we need to match the correct formula to the correct context.

**Total surface area or curved surface area**

Double check whether the question requires you to find the curved surface area of a hemisphere or the total surface area of a hemisphere.

**Rounding**

It is important to not round the answer until the end of the calculation. This will mean your final answer is accurate. It is useful to keep your answer in terms of \pi until you round the answer at the very end of the question.

**Make sure you have the correct units**

For area we use square units such as cm^{2}.

For volume we use cube units such as cm^{3}.

**Using the radius or the diameter**

It is a common error to mix up radius and diameter. Remember the radius is half of the diameter.

1. Find the volume of a hemisphere with radius 11.3 \ cm. Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

3022 \ cm^3

3020 \ cm^3

6044 \ cm^3

6040 \ cm^3

We need to halve the formula for the volume of a sphere, and then substitute the value of 11.3 in place of r.

\begin{aligned} V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi {r}^{3}\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{4}{3} \times \pi \times (11.3)^{3}\div 2\\\\ V&=3021.996…\\\\ V&=3020 \ \mathrm{cm}^3 \ \text{(to 3 sf)} \end{aligned}

2. Find the volume of a hemisphere with diameter 4 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi.

\frac{16}{3}\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^3

\frac{32}{3}\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^3

\frac{256}{3}\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^3

\frac{128}{3}\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^3

We have been given the diameter 4, which we need to divide by 2 to get the radius. We need to halve the formula for the volume of a sphere, and then substitute the value of 2 in place of r.

\begin{aligned} V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi {r}^{3}\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{4}{3} \times \pi \times (2)^{3}\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{16}{3}\pi\\\\ V&=\frac{16}{3}\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^3 \end{aligned}

3. Find the curved surface area of a hemisphere with radius 12.8 \ cm. Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

515 \ cm^2

1030 \ cm^2

1540 \ cm^2

2060 \ cm^2

We need to halve the formula for the surface area of a sphere to find the curved surface area of a hemisphere (CSA).

Then we substitute the value of 12.8 in place of r.

\begin{aligned} CSA&=4 \pi {r}^{2}\div 2\\\\ CSA&=2\pi {r}^{2}\\\\ CSA&=2\times \pi \times (12.8)^{2}\\\\ CSA&=1029.437…\\\\ CSA&=1030 \ \mathrm{cm}^2 \ \text{(to 3 sf)} \end{aligned}

4. Find the curved surface area of a hemisphere with radius 11 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi .

242\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2

121\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2

968\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2

44\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2

We need to halve the formula for the surface area of a sphere to find the curved surface area of a hemisphere (CSA).

Then we substitute the value of 11 in place of r.

\begin{aligned} CSA&=4 \pi {r}^{2}\div 2\\\\ CSA&=2\pi {r}^{2}\\\\ CSA&=2\times \pi \times (11)^{2}\\\\ CSA&=242\pi\\\\ CSA&=242\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2 \end{aligned}

5. Find the total surface area of a hemisphere with radius 62 \ cm. Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

48400 \ \mathrm{cm}^2

48300 \ \mathrm{cm}^2

36200 \ \mathrm{cm}^2

36300 \ \mathrm{cm}^2

We need to halve the formula for the surface area of a sphere and add on the circular base to find the total surface area of a hemisphere (TSA).

Then we substitute the value of 62 in place of r.

\begin{aligned} TSA&=4 \pi {r}^{2}\div 2 + \pi {r}^{2}\\\\ TSA&=3\pi {r}^{2}\\\\ TSA&=3\times \pi \times (62)^{2}\\\\ TSA&=36228.8…\\\\ TSA&=36300 \ \mathrm{cm}^2 \ \text{(to 3 sf)} \end{aligned}

6. Find the total surface area of a hemisphere with radius 15 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi .

225\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2

450\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2

675\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2

900\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2

We need to halve the formula for the surface area of a sphere and add on the circular base to find the total surface area of a hemisphere (TSA).

Then we substitute the value of 15 in place of r.

\begin{aligned} TSA&=4 \pi {r}^{2}\div 2 + \pi {r}^{2}\\\\ TSA&=3\pi {r}^{2}\\\\ TSA&=3\times \pi \times (15)^{2}\\\\ TSA&=675\pi\\\\ TSA&=675\pi \ \mathrm{cm}^2 \ \text{(to 3 sf)} \end{aligned}

1. Calculate the total surface area of a hemisphere with radius 5.2 \ cm.

**(3 marks)**

Show answer

CSA: 196.897…cm^{2}, Circular base: 84.948… or 3\pi r^2

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Evidence of adding CSA and circular area.

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2. Mary has a large hemisphere container in her garden.

It has a diameter of 2 metres.

She wants to fill the container with sand.

Sand comes in bags of 6000 \ cm^3 and the cost of a bag of sand is £2.95.

Calculate the total cost of the sand to fill the container.

**(5 marks)**

Show answer

Radius is 100 \ cm .

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3. A hemisphere has a total surface area of 1500 \ cm^2.

Calculate its diameter.

Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

**(4 marks)**

Show answer

1500=3\pi{r}^{2}

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You have now learned how to:

- Calculate the volume of a hemisphere
- Calculate the curved surface area of a hemisphere
- Calculate the total surface area of a hemisphere

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