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Multiplying fractions Substitution Area of a circle Rounding numbersVolume of a sphere

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Here we will learn about the volume of a hemisphere.

There are also volume of a hemisphere worksheets based on Edexcel, AQA and OCR exam questions, along with further guidance on where to go next if you’re still stuck.

The **volume of a hemisphere** is the amount of space inside a hemisphere.

To calculate the volume of a hemisphere, we need to know what a hemisphere is. A hemisphere is half of a sphere. It has a radius, r.

To calculate the volume of a whole sphere, where r is the radius of the sphere, we use the formula

\text{Volume of a sphere}=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3.Since a hemisphere is half of a sphere, to find the volume of a hemisphere we **halve the volume of a sphere**.

Here is the volume of a hemisphere formula, with radius r

\text{Volume of a hemisphere}=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2.Or, alternatively,

\begin{aligned} \text { Volume of a hemisphere } &=\frac{1}{2} \times \frac{4}{3} \pi r^{3} \\\\ &=\frac{2}{3} \pi r^{3}. \end{aligned}In order to calculate the volume of a hemisphere:

**Write down the formula for the sphere.****Adapt the formula for the question.****Substitute in the value.****Write the final answer.**

Get your free volume and surface area of a hemisphere worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

COMING SOONGet your free volume and surface area of a hemisphere worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

COMING SOON**Volume of a hemisphere** is part of our series of lessons to support revision on **hemisphere** **shape**. You may find it helpful to start with the main hemisphere shape lesson for a summary of what to expect, or use the step by step guides below for further detail on individual topics. Other lessons in this series include:

Calculate the volume of a hemisphere with radius 4.5 \ cm. Give your answer to 1 decimal place.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

The formula for the volume of a sphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3.2**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula for finding the volume of a hemisphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2.3**Substitute in the value.**

4**Write the final answer.**

The answer is 190.851…

This rounds to give the volume 190.9 \ cm^3 to 1 decimal place.

Calculate the volume of a hemisphere with diameter 12.3 \ cm. Give your answer to 1 decimal place.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

The formula for the volume of a sphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3.

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula for finding the volume of a hemisphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2.

**Substitute in the value.**

We have been given the diameter. We need to halve 12.3 to get the radius.

r=12.3\div 2=6.15

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi (6.15)^3\div 2

**Write the final answer.**

The answer is 487.173…

This rounds to give the volume 487.2 \ cm^3 to 1 decimal place.

Calculate the volume of a hemisphere with radius 6 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

The formula for the volume of a sphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3.

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula for finding the volume of a hemisphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2.

**Substitute in the value.**

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi (6)^3\div 2=\frac{4}{3}\times \pi \times 216 \div 2

**Write the final answer.**

The answer is

144\pi \ cm^3.

Calculate the volume of a hemisphere with diameter 6 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi .

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

The formula for the volume of a sphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3.

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula for finding the volume of a hemisphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2.

**Substitute in the value.**

We have been given the diameter. We need to halve 6 to get the radius.

r=6\div 2=3

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi (3)^3\div 2=\frac{4}{3}\times \pi \times 27 \div 2

**Write the final answer.**

The answer is

18\pi \ cm^3.

The volume of a hemisphere is 500 \ cm^{3}. Calculate the radius. Give your answer to 3 significant figures.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

The formula for the volume of the sphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3.

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula for finding the volume of a hemisphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2.

**Substitute in the value.**

We can substitute in the value of the volume.

500=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2

Then we rearrange the equation to solve it and find the radius.

\begin{aligned}
500&= \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 \div 2 \\\\
1000&= \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 \\\\
750&=\pi r^3\\\\
\frac{750}{\pi}&=r^3\\\\
r&=\sqrt[3]{\frac{750}{\pi}}
\end{aligned}

**Write the final answer.**

The answer is 6.20350…

This rounds to give the radius as 6.20 \ cm to 3 significant figures.

The volume of a hemisphere is 400 \ cm^{3}. Calculate the diameter. Give your answer to 3 significant figures.

**Write down the formula for the sphere.**

The formula for the volume of a sphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3.

**Adapt the formula for the question.**

The formula for finding the volume of a hemisphere is

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2.

**Substitute in the value.**

We can substitute in the value of the volume.

400=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2

Then we rearrange the equation to solve it and find the radius.

\begin{aligned} 400&= \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 \div 2 \\\\ 800&= \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 \\\\ 600&=\pi r^3\\\\ \frac{600}{\pi}&=r^3\\\\ r&=\sqrt[3]{\frac{600}{\pi}} \end{aligned}

This gives the radius as 5.7588…, which needs to be doubled to find the diameter.

**Write the final answer.**

The answer is 11.517…

This rounds to give the diameter as 11.5 \ cm to 3 significant figures.

**Using the correct formula**

There are several formulas that can be used, so we need to match the correct formula to the correct context.

**Rounding**

It is important to not round the answer until the end of the calculation. This will mean your final answer is accurate. It is useful to keep your answer in terms of until you round the answer at the very end of the question.

**Make sure you have the correct units**

For area we use square units such as cm^{2}.

For volume we use cubic units such as cm^{3}.

**Using the radius or the diameter**

It is a common error to mix up radius and diameter. Remember the radius is half of the diameter.

1. Find the volume of a hemisphere with radius 7.9 \ cm. Give your answer correct to 1 decimal place.

1032.6 \ cm^3

2065.2 \ cm^3

2065.3 \ cm^3

1032.7 \ cm^3

The volume of the hemisphere can be found by using the volume of a sphere and halving it.

\begin{aligned} V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi (7.9)^3\div 2\\\\ V&=1032.618…\\\\ V&=1032.6 \ cm^3 \ \text{(to 1 dp)} \end{aligned}

2. Find the volume of a hemisphere with diameter 4.6 \ cm. Give your answer correct to 1 decimal place.

25.4 \ cm^3

203.8 \ cm^3

203.9 \ cm^3

25.5 \ cm^3

First we need to divide the diameter by 2 to find the radius. The radius is 2.3 \ cm. The volume of the hemisphere can be found by using the volume of a sphere and halving it.

\begin{aligned} V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi (2.3)^3\div 2\\\\ V&=25.4825…\\\\ V&=25.5 \ cm^3 \ \text{(to 1 dp)} \end{aligned}

3. Find the volume of a hemisphere with radius 10 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi .

\frac{2000}{3}\pi \ cm^3

1000\pi \ cm^3

\frac{1000}{3}\pi \ cm^3

2000\pi \ cm^3

The volume of the hemisphere can be found by using the volume of a sphere and halving it.

\begin{aligned} V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi (10)^3\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{2000}{3}\pi\\\\ V&=\frac{2000}{3}\pi \ cm^3 \end{aligned}

4. Find the volume of a hemisphere with diameter 4 \ cm. Leave your answer in terms of \pi .

\frac{256}{3}\pi \ cm^3

\frac{16}{3}\pi \ cm^3

\frac{32}{3}\pi \ cm^3

\frac{128}{3}\pi \ cm^3

First we need to divide the diameter by 2 to find the radius. The radius is 2 \ cm. The volume of the hemisphere can be found by using the volume of a sphere and halving it.

\begin{aligned} V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{4}{3} \pi (2)^3\div 2\\\\ V&=\frac{16}{3}\pi\\\\ V&=\frac{16}{3}\pi \ cm^3 \end{aligned}

5. A hemisphere has a volume of 1500 \ cm^{3}. Calculate its radius. Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

17.8 \ cm

17.9 \ cm

8.94 \ cm

8.95 \ cm

First we adapt the formula for the volume of a sphere by dividing it by 2 to give the volume of a hemisphere.

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2

Then we form an equation by substituting the volume and rearrange it to find the radius.

\begin{aligned} 1500&= \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 \div 2 \\\\ 3000&= \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 \\\\ 2250&=\pi r^3\\\\ \frac{2250}{\pi}&=r^3\\\\ r&=\sqrt[3]{\frac{2250}{\pi}}\\\\ r&=8.94700…\\\\ r&=8.95 \ cm \ \text{(to 3 sf)} \end{aligned}

6. A hemisphere has a volume of 2300 \ cm^{3}. Calculate its diameter. Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

10.3 \ cm

20.6 \ cm

10.4 \ cm

20.7 \ cm

First we adapt the formula for the volume of a sphere by dividing it by 2, to give the volume of a hemisphere.

V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^3\div 2

Then we form an equation by substituting the volume and rearrange it to find the radius. Finally we multiply the radius by 2 to find the diameter.

\begin{aligned} 2300&= \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 \div 2 \\\\ 4600&= \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 \\\\ 3450&=\pi r^3\\\\ \frac{3450}{\pi}&=r^3\\\\ r&=\sqrt[3]{\frac{3450}{\pi}}\\\\ r&=10.317…\\\\ d&=20.6341… \\\\ d&=20.6 \ cm \ \text{(to 3 sf)} \end{aligned}

1. Find the volume of a hemisphere with radius 24 \ cm.

**(2 marks)**

Show answer

Substituting 24 \ cm into V=\frac{4}{3} \pi r^{3} \div 2 .

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2. Susan has a sculpture in her garden. It is made of a cube and a hemisphere. The diameter of the hemisphere is 2 metres.

Calculate the total volume of the sculpture. Give your answer to 1 decimal place.

**(3 marks)**

Show answer

\frac{4}{3}\times \pi \times 1^3 \div 2=\frac{2}{3}\pi

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3. A hemisphere has a volume of 270 \ cm^3.

Find the radius of the hemisphere.

Give your answer correct to 3 significant figures.

**(3 marks)**

Show answer

270=\frac{4}{3}\pi{r}^{3}\div 2

**(1)**

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You have now learned how to:

- Find the volume of a hemisphere
- Find the radius of a hemisphere
- Solve problems involving the volume of a hemisphere

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