One to one maths interventions built for KS4 success

Weekly online one to one GCSE maths revision lessons now available

This topic is relevant for:

Here we will learn how to **solve simultaneous equations graphically** including linear and quadratic simultaneous equations.

There are also solving simultaneous equations graphically worksheets based on Edexcel, AQA and OCR exam questions, along with further guidance on where to go next if you’re still stuck.

**Solving simultaneous equations graphically** is the process that allows us to solve two or more algebraic equations that share variables by sketching their graphs.

The point (or points) of intersection give(s) the solution(s) to the simultaneous equations.

This is because at the point of intersection the two equations are equal to one another and therefore the values of the variables are the same for both equations.

E.g. Solve the pair of simultaneous equations

\[\begin{aligned}
x +y &= 6\\
-3x +y &=2\\
\end{aligned}\]

When we draw the graphs of these two equations,

we can see that they **intersect at ( 1, 5).**

So the solution to the simultaneous equations is:

We can prove this is the solution by substituting the values into the original equations:

\[\begin{aligned}
x+y&=6\\
1+5&=6\\
\end{aligned}\]

\[\begin{aligned}
-3x+y&=2\\
-3(1)+5=2\\
-2+5=2\\
\end{aligned}\]

One key difference with simultaneous equations containing a quadratic element is we can expect multiple answers. This is because of the way linear and non-linear functions can intersect.

Here a linear function is intersecting a quadratic function which has a shape known as a parabola.

Notice that the **two points of intersection** means that the simultaneous equations have **two valid solutions**.

E.g.

\[\begin{aligned}
x+y&=4 \\
y&=x^{2}+4x-2 \\
\end{aligned}\]

When graphed these two equations intersect at two points **(**−

So therefore the simultaneous equations has two valid solutions

So the solutions to the simultaneous equations are:

\[x = -6, y = 10\]

**And**

\[x =1, y = 3\]

We can prove these are the solutions to the simultaneous equations by substituting the values into the original equations:

\[x = -6, y = 10\]

\[\begin{aligned}
x+y=4 \\
-6+10=4
\end{aligned}\]

\[\begin{aligned}
y&=x^{2}+4x-2 \\
10&=(-6)^2+4(-6)-2\\
10&=36-24-2\\
\end{aligned}\]

**And**

\[x =1, y = 3\]

\[\begin{aligned}
x+y=4 \\
1+3=4\\
\end{aligned}\]

\[\begin{aligned}
y&=x^{2}+4x-2 \\
3&=(1)^2+4(1)-2\\
3&=1+4-2\\
\end{aligned}\]

**Solving simultaneous equations graphically** is part of our series of lessons to support revision on **simultaneous equations**. You may find it helpful to start with the main simultaneous equations lesson for a summary of what to expect, or use the step by step guides below for further detail on individual topics. Other lessons in this series include:

In order to solve simultaneous equations graphically:

**Identify if the equations are linear or quadratic (or other non-linear)****Draw each equation on the same set of axes****Find the coordinates where the lines intersect****State the values of the variable where the lines intersect and clearly state your answer***(if you have multiples values of a variable ensure you match the correct pair)*

Get your free Solving simultaneous equations graphically worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

COMING SOONGet your free Solving simultaneous equations graphically worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

COMING SOONSolve this pair of simultaneous equations graphically:

\[\begin{aligned}
y&=2x+1\\
y&=4x+3
\end{aligned}\]

**Identify if the equations are linear or quadratic**

Both the equations are **linear**.

This means you will be drawing two straight lines which will intersect at one point only.

2Draw each equation on the same set o**f axes**

3**Find the coordinates where the lines intersect**

The lines intersect (cross) at the coordinate (

4**State the values of the variable where the lines intersect and clearly state your answer (if you have multiples values of a variable ensure you match the correct pair) **

\[\begin{aligned}
x&=-1\\
y&=-1
\end{aligned}\]

Solve this pair of simultaneous equations graphically:

\[\begin{aligned}
2x+4y&=14\\
4x-4y&=4
\end{aligned}\]

**Identify if the equations are linear or quadratic**

Both the equations are **linear**. This means you will be drawing two straight lines which will intersect at one point only.

**Draw each equation on the same set of axes**

**Find the coordinates where the lines intersect**

The lines intersect (cross) at the coordinate (

*(if you have multiples values of a variable ensure you match the correct pair)*

\[\begin{aligned}
x&=3\\
y&=2
\end{aligned}\]

Solve this pair of simultaneous equations graphically:

\[\begin{aligned}
3x+2y&=8\\
2x+5y&=-2
\end{aligned}\]

**Identify if the equations are linear or quadratic**

**linear**.

This means you will be drawing two straight lines which will intersect at one point only.

**Draw each equation on the same set of axes**

**Find the coordinates where the lines intersect**

The lines intersect (cross) at the coordinate (-

*(if you have multiples values of a variable ensure you match the correct pair)*

\[\begin{aligned}
x&=-4\\
y&=-2
\end{aligned}\]

Solve this pair of simultaneous equations graphically:

\[\begin{aligned}
y&=x+3\\
y&=x^2+5x-2
\end{aligned}\]

**Identify if the equations are linear or quadratic**

The first equation here is **linear**.

This will therefore be drawn as a **straight line** on a set of axes.

The second equation is **quadratic**.

This will therefore be drawn as a **parabola **on a set of axes.

If you consider the straight line and parabola there are three possible ways in which they can intersect.

*Note:*

*At GCSE most answers have two points of intersection. *

*A function with a quadratic element in more than one variable can create other curved graphs, E.g. x*.

**Draw each equation on the same set of axes**

**Find the coordinates where the lines intersect**

You will notice that the two functions intersect at two points.

The lines intersect (cross) at the coordinates (

*(if you have multiples values of a variable ensure you match the correct pair)*

\[x= -5, y= -2 \]

Or

\[x= 1, y= 4 \]

Notice the use of the word **or. **This is because either answer is a valid solution to the simultaneous equations.

Solve this pair of simultaneous equations graphically:

\[\begin{aligned}
y^2+x^2&=29\\
x+7&=y\\
\end{aligned}\]

**Identify if the equations are linear or quadratic**

The first equation here is **linear**.

This will therefore be drawn as a **straight line** on a set of axes.

The second equation has **quadratic **elements in both variables.

It contains the square of both the

This will therefore produce a **circle**.

**Draw each equation on the same set of axes**

**Find the coordinates the lines intersect**

You will notice that the two functions intersect at two points.

The lines intersect (cross) at the coordinates **( −5, 2) and (−2, −5)**.

*(if you have multiples values of a variable ensure you match the correct pair) *

\[x= -5, y=2 \]

Or

\[x= -2, y= 5\]

**Incorrect drawing of graphs**

A common mistake is to incorrectly the draw the graphs. It can be helpful to:

- Complete a table of values for the equation
- Make
y the subject of the formula (especially for linear functions) - Consider the gradient of the graph (for linear functions)
- Consider where the graph intersects the
x andy axes

**Multiple points of intersection**

Remember linear and non-linear functions can intersect at

1. Can two linear equations intersect at two points?

Yes

No

Sometimes

Need more information

Two linear functions cannot intersect at two points. If they cross each other it will be at one point only.

2. Can one linear equation and one quadratic intersect at two points?

Always

Never

Sometimes

Need more information

A parabola and a line can intersect at 2 points but they can also intersect at 1 point or 0 points

3. If two linear equations do not intersect when drawn graphically they must be:

Parallel

Perpendicular

Far away from each other

Incorrectly drawn

Two lines that never meet (never intersect) are parallel to one another.

4. Solve the simultaneous equations graphically:

\begin{aligned} 6x+3y&=48\\ 6x+y&=26\\ \end{aligned}

x= -2.5 , y=-11

x= 2.5, y= -11

x=2.5 , y=11

x=11 , y=2.5

5. Solve the simultaneous equations

\begin{aligned} 4x+2y&=34\\ 3x+y&=21\\ \end{aligned}

x= 4 , y=- 9

x= -4 , y=9

x= 4 , y= 9

x= -4 , y= -9

6. Solve the simultaneous equations:

\begin{aligned} y&=x+3\\ y&=x^2+5x-2\\ \end{aligned}

x= -5 , y= -1

x= -5 , y= -2

or

x= 1 , y=4

x= 1 , y=4

x= -5 , y= 4

or

x= 1 , y= -2

1. The graphs of the straight lines with equations

\begin{aligned} 3y+2x&=12\\ y&=x+4\\ \end{aligned}

have been drawn on the grid below:

Use the graphs to solve the simultaneous equations

\begin{aligned} 3y+2x&=12\\ y&=x+4\\ \end{aligned}

**(2 marks)**

Show answer

x=0

**(1)**

**(1)**

2. The graphs of the straight lines with equations

\begin{aligned} 4y-2x&=8\\ y&=x\\ \end{aligned}

have been drawn on the grid below:

Use the graphs to solve the simultaneous equations

\begin{aligned} 4y-2x&=8\\ y&=x\\ \end{aligned}

**(2 marks)**

Show answer

x=4

**(1)**

**(1)**

3. The graphs of the straight lines with equations

\begin{aligned} y&=\frac{x}{2}+2\\ 2y+3x&=12\\ \end{aligned}

have been drawn on the grid below:

Use the graphs to solve the simultaneous equations

\begin{aligned} y&=\frac{x}{2}+2\\ 2y+3x&=12\\ \end{aligned}

**(2 marks)**

Show answer

x=2

**(1)**

**(1)**

4. By drawing the graphs of

\begin{aligned} y&=3x+5x\\ x-2y+6&=0\\ \end{aligned}

Solve the simultaneous equations:

\begin{aligned} y&=3x+5x\\ x-2y+6&=0\\ \end{aligned}

**(3 marks)**

Show answer

Both graphs drawn correctly with intersection

**(1)**

**(1)**

**(1)**

5. By drawing the graphs of

\begin{aligned} x+y&=4\\ y&=x^2+3x-1 \end{aligned}

Solve the simultaneous equations:

\begin{aligned} x+y&=4\\ y&=x^2+3x-1 \end{aligned}

**(3 marks)**

Show answer

Both graphs drawn correctly with intersection

**(1)**

x= -5 and y=9

**(1)**

x= 1 and y=3

**(1)**

You have now learned how to:

- Work with coordinates in all four quadrants
- Identify and interpret the intercepts of linear functions graphically
- Identify and interpret the intercepts of quadratic functions graphically
- Interpret graphs of linear functions and quadratic functions
- Solve two simultaneous equations with two variables; linear/linear
- Solve two simultaneous equations with two variables; linear/quadratic

- Maths formulas
- Types of graphs
- Interpreting graphs

Prepare your KS4 students for maths GCSEs success with Third Space Learning. Weekly online one to one GCSE maths revision lessons delivered by expert maths tutors.

Find out more about our GCSE maths revision programme.

x
#### GCSE Maths Scheme of Work Guide

Download free

An essential guide for all SLT and subject leaders looking to plan and build a new scheme of work, including how to decide what to teach and for how long

Explores tried and tested approaches and includes examples and templates you can use immediately in your school.