Regular And Irregular Shapes: Explained For Primary School Parents

This blog will be answering the questions “what is a regular shape?” and “what is an irregular shape?” as well as providing you will all of the information you need to help your child secure their shape knowledge. There are also a number of shape based questions for your child to test their skills with at the bottom of the post.

This blog is part of our series of blogs designed for parents supporting home learning and looking for home learning resources during the Covid-19 epidemic.

What is a regular shape?

A regular shape is a 2D shape where all (interior) angles and sides measure the same. 

What is an irregular shape?

An irregular shape is a shape which has sides and angles of any length and size.

Regular vs irregular shapes: What do they look like

A square, by definition, is a regular shape: it is, in fact, a regular rectangle.

 A regular triangle is called an equilateral triangle. 

Here are examples of what the different types of shape look like:

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When will my child learn about regular and irregular shapes in primary school?

When referring to regular shapes in the curriculum, the term ‘polygon’ is used – a polygon is a 2D shape with straight sides. 

In Year 4 the terminology of ‘regular polygon’ is first introduced. This is when children will compare and order angles in preparation for using a protractor and compare lengths and angles to decide if a polygon is regular or irregular. 

In Year 5, pupils distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles. 

In Year 6, pupils compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons.

Key stage 2 regular and irregular shape practice questions

1) The diagram shows a pentagon (not drawn accurately). Each side of the pentagon is the same length. Is the shape a regular pentagon? Explain your answer.

Regular and irregular shapes KS2 question 1

2) Here is an equilateral triangle drawn on a circle.

Regular and irregular shapes KS2 question 2

Use a ruler to draw a regular hexagon on this circle.

Regular and irregular shapes KS2 question 2 part 2

 

3) Jack says, “This rhombus is a regular quadrilateral.” Explain why Jack is not correct.

Regular and irregular shapes KS2 question 3

4) Draw crosses on the two shapes that are in the wrong places in the sorting diagram.

Regular shapes vs irregular shapes Question 4

Ellie Williams
Ellie Williams
With a love for all things KS2 maths, Ellie is a part of the content team that helps all of the Third Space Learning blogs and resources reach teachers!

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