Help your students prepare for their Maths GCSE with this free angles in a triangle worksheet of 33 questions and answers
Triangles can be classified based on their angles. An equilateral triangle is a regular polygon and has three equal angles. An isosceles triangle has two equal angles and two equal sides, and a scalene triangle has no equal angles and no equal sides. However, for all of these triangles, the angles of a triangle sum to 180°. This angle fact is useful for solving problems which require students to find missing angles in triangles. Angle problems don’t usually contain difficult fractions, but answers often need to be rounded to a given degree of accuracy.
So for triangle xyz, with angles y and z known, to find the size of angle x, we would work out y+z and subtract the result from 180°.
If the type of triangle is specified, such as an isosceles triangle, we can work out the size of two missing angles given the size of the third. If we know the size of one base angle in an isosceles triangle, we can use the fact that base angles in an isosceles triangle are equal in order to find the size of the other base angle. If we subtract the sum of the two angles from 180°, this gives us the size of the third angle.
It is important that students recognise a right angle when it is marked with the ∟ symbol rather than the value 90°.
The sum of the angles of a triangle can be extended further to applications involving algebraic expressions and solving equations.
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