The easy way to support your child with maths at home

target pupils Created with Sketch.

Personalised for your child

weekly online lessons Created with Sketch.

Weekly online lessons

pupils taught alt Created with Sketch.

Maths specialist tutors

resources Created with Sketch.

Regular progress reports

Trusted by schools, now available for families

Online one to one lessons from specialist maths tutors

Book a tutor

Hundreds of FREE home learning resources!

Used by thousands of teachers: games, worksheets, daily activities and more!

Trusted by schools, now available for families

Online one to one lessons from specialist maths tutors

Book a tutor

What Is The Perimeter: Explained For Primary Parents And Kids!

The perimeter of a shape is the measurement around its edge (the perimeter of a circle is called the circumference).

This blog is part of our series of blogs designed for parents supporting home learning and looking for free home learning resources during the Covid-19 epidemic.

What is the perimeter of a shape, and how do we measure it?

The perimeter is the total measurement of all the edges of a shape e.g. a triangle has three edges, so its perimeter is the total of those three edges added together.

The perimeter of a square is easy to calculate if one side is given as all sides are the same length; the perimeter of a square with side length 5cm is 20cm, because 5 x 4 = 20. The perimeter of a rectangle can be calculated by adding the length and width together and doubling it.

what permieter is

The perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 5cm and width of 3cm can be calculated as 5 + 3 + 5 + 3 (two lots of the length + two lots of the width), or double 5 + 3, which is 16cm.

When measuring the perimeter of more complex shapes, children could be encouraged to highlight each edge as they add it together to ensure they don’t miss any out.

When will my child learn about perimeter in primary school?

Perimeter is taught in KS2. Children begin by learning to measure the perimeter of simple 2-D shapes in Year 3. This is built on in Year 4, where children measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres.

In upper KS2, children measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres (including using the relations of perimeter or area to find unknown lengths, as advised by the non-statutory guidance for Year 5).

In Year 6, children will recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa.

How does perimeter relate to other areas of maths?

Perimeter is most closely linked to 2D and 3D shapes, and is one of the most basic and important parts of KS2 Geometry.

A good understanding of how to calculate the perimeter of a shape is needed before children can begin to learn more complex geometric ideas such as area and volume.

Wondering about how to explain other key maths vocabulary to your children? Check out our Primary Maths Dictionary, or try these primary maths terms:

Practice questions

1. Calculate the perimeter of this square.    

perimeter practice questions

(Answer: 8 x 4 = 32cm)

2. Sam drew a rectangle with a perimeter of 28cm. His rectangle was 10cm long. How wide was it?

what is perimeter

(Answer: 4cm)

3. Here are some shapes on a 1cm square grid. a) What is the perimeter of shape A? b) Which shape has the smallest perimeter?

premieter questions at home

(Answer: a) 14cm b) D)

4. Megan says, ‘If two rectangles have the same perimeter, they must have the same area.’ Is she correct? Explain how you know.

(Answer: No – 20cm perimeter could be 2 x 10 or 4 x 5)

5. Here is an equilateral triangle inside a square. The perimeter of the triangle is 48cm. What is the perimeter of the square?

perimeter practice questions for kids

(Answer: 64cm (48/3 = 16 (one side of the triangle) so 16 x 4 = 64)

If you’re looking for additional maths support for any child or pupil who’s struggling – or who needs a bit of a push – get in touch. We specialise in teaching 1-to-1 addressing each child’s needs in maths individually.

Online 1-to-1 maths lessons trusted by schools and parents
Every week Third Space Learning’s maths specialist tutors support thousands of primary school children with weekly online 1-to-1 lessons. Since 2013 we’ve helped over 60,000 children become more confident, able mathematicians. In schools the lessons run as part of a successful maths intervention. At home parents use our online maths tutors to support their own children to catch up or make extra progress in maths.

Our online tuition for maths programme provides every child with their own professional one to one maths tutor

Sophie Bartlett
Sophie Bartlett
Year 6 Teacher
Sophie is a grammar pedant, author and editor for Third Space as well as teaching in a small school in England.
x
Downloadable resource

Join the Third Space Learning Maths Hub

To browse our entire collection of free and premium maths resources for teachers and parents, register to join the Third Space Learning maths hub. It's quick, easy and free! (Please use Google Chrome to access the Maths Hub)

Sign Up Now!
Hi, we have a free lesson pack for you
Downloadable resource

Join the Third Space Learning Maths Hub

To browse our entire collection of free and premium maths resources for teachers and parents, register to join the Third Space Learning maths hub. It's quick, easy and free! (Please use Google Chrome to access the Maths Hub)

Sign Up Now!