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Place value

Decimals Equivalent fractionsMultiplying and dividing by 10,100,1000,...

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Here we will learn about **dividing decimals** including how to divide decimals by a whole number, divide whole numbers by a decimal and divide decimals by decimals.

There are also dividing decimals worksheets based on Edexcel, AQA and OCR exam questions, along with further guidance on where to go next if you’re still stuck.

**Dividing decimals** is where we divide a number into another where at least one of the numbers is a decimal.

To divide decimals we can use a variety of division methods. We will use short division for our examples but the use of long division or equivalent fractions are also appropriate methods.

Dividing decimals is important when dealing with money problems, the conversion of currency and converting between metric units. You may also encounter division problems involving areas of shapes or ratio.

If we are **dividing a decimal by an integer**, we can use short division method to obtain the answer.

E.g.

If we are **dividing a number by a decimal**, we can adjust the division problem to make the decimal an integer.

E.g.

We can treat the division like a fraction and find an equivalent fraction which has an integer denominator.

The easiest way to do this is to **multiply **both the **numerator and denominator by the same power of ten**.

This equivalent division will have the **same answer** as our original problem.

The answer of the division is also referred to as the **quotient**. The number we are dividing is known as the **dividend**.

In order to solve problems involving dividing decimals, we need to multiply and divide by powers of ten.

If we divide by a power of ten, each digit decreases in place value.

When we multiply by

E.g.

If we divide by

E.g.

In order to divide decimals:

**If the divisor is already an integer, you can go straight to step**3 . Otherwise, write the division as a fraction with the divisor as the denominator of the fraction.**Multiply both the numerator and denominator by the same power of**10 (or other appropriate value) to get an equivalent fraction with an integer denominator. (You can simplify the fraction further if possible to make the division easier to calculate).**Use short division to calculate the answer to the original division problem. If the dividend is a decimal, line up the decimal point for your answer. You may need to add some trailing zeros whilst doing the division to get the correct number of decimal places.**

Get your free dividing decimals worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

DOWNLOAD FREEGet your free dividing decimals worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

DOWNLOAD FREEWork out:

\[4.68\div6\]

**If the divisor is already an integer, you can go straight to****step**. Otherwise, write the division as a fraction with the divisor as the denominator of the fraction.3

The divisor is an integer so go to step

**2Multiply both the numerator and denominator by the same power of 10 (or other appropriate value) to get an equivalent fraction with an integer denominator. (You can simplify the fraction further if possible to make the division easier to calculate).**

Not required for this question.

**3Use short division to calculate the answer to the original division problem. If the number we are dividing is a decimal, line up the decimal point for your answer and you may need to add some trailing zeros whilst doing the division to get the correct number of decimal places**.

The answer is

Work out:

\[26\div0.4 \]

**If the divisor is already an integer, you can go straight to step **

\[\frac{26}{0.4}\]

**Multiply both the numerator and denominator by the same power of **

**Use short division to calculate the answer to the original division problem. If the number we are dividing is a decimal, line up the decimal point for your answer and you may need to add some trailing zeros whilst doing the division to get the correct number of decimal places.**

The answer is

Work out:

\[32.85 \div0.9\]

** step ** Otherwise, write the division as a fraction with the divisor as the denominator of the fraction.

\[\frac{32.85}{0.9}\]

**Multiply both the numerator and denominator by the same power of **

**Use short division to calculate the answer to the original division problem. If the number we are dividing is a decimal, line up the decimal point for your answer and you may need to add some trailing zeros whilst doing the division to get the correct number of decimal places**.

The answer is

Work out

\[1.41\div0.15\]

** step ** Otherwise, write the division as a fraction with the divisor as the denominator of the fraction.

\[\frac{1.41}{0.15}\]

** 10** (or other appropriate value) to get an equivalent fraction with an integer denominator. (You can simplify the fraction further if possible to make the division easier to calculate).

Once we have found the equivalent fraction by multiplying both numerator and denominator by

**Use short division to calculate the answer to the original division problem. If the number we are dividing is a decimal, line up the decimal point for your answer and you may need to add some trailing zeros whilst doing the division to get the correct number of decimal places.**

We had to add the decimal point and a trailing zero to complete this division.

The answer is

**Reversing the multiplying steps once the division has taken place**

A common error is to forget that the answer of the equivalent fraction is the same as the answer of the original division problem. If both of the numbers we are dividing have been multiplied by

E.g.

1. Work out 17.43\div7

2.49

249

24.9

0.249

Use short division. Make sure the decimal of the quotient lines up with the decimal of the dividend.

2. Work out 0.846\div3

2.82

0.282

282

28.2

Use short division. Make sure the decimal of the quotient lines up with the decimal of the dividend.

3. Work out 9\div0.6

150

1.5

1500

15

Multiply both by 10 then use short division.

4. Work out 75\div0.12

6.25

62.5

625

0.625

Multiply both the numerator and denominator by 100 then use short division.

5. Work out 30.04\div0.16 .

18775

187.75

18.775

1877.5

Multiply both the numerator and denominator by 100 , simplify the fraction, then use short division. Add a decimal point and trailing zeros to the dividend. Remember to line up the decimal of the quotient with the decimal of the dividend.

6. Work out 87.22\div1.4 .

6.23

623

62.3

0.623

Multiply both by 10 then use short division. Remember to line up the decimal of the quotient with the decimal of the dividend.

1.

(a) Work out 5.1\div0.17 .

(b) Work out 7.776\div12 .

**(4 marks)**

Show answer

(a)

Method to calculate 510\div17 seen.

**(1)**

Correct answer of 30 .

**(1)**

(b)

Attempt at short or long division.

**(1)**

Correct answer of 0.648 .

**(1)**

2.

(a) The total cost of 8 identical theatre tickets is £101.20 . Find the cost of one ticket.

(b) A bag of compost holds 5kg . A single plant pot can hold 0.12kg of compost.

How many plant pots can be completely filled from one 5kg bag?

**(5 marks)**

Show answer

(a)

A method to divide 101.2 by 8 .

**(1)**

Correct answer of £12.65 .

**(1)**

(b)

A method to divide 5 by 0.12 , eg 500\div12 .

**(1)**

41.666 ….. seen.

**(1)**

Correct answer of 41 .

**(1)**

3. The area of a triangle is 8.64cm^2 . The base of the triangle is 3.2cm .

Find the height of the triangle.

**(2 marks)**

Show answer

Correct start to calculation, 8.64 \times 2 =17.283.2 or 8.64\div1.6 or equivalent.

**(1)**

Correct answer of 5.4 cm

**(1)**

You have now learned how to:

- Understand and use place value for decimals, measures and integers of any size
- Use the four operations, including formal written methods, applied to integers, decimals, proper and improper fractions, and mixed numbers, all both positive and negative

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