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Here we will learn about dividing ratios, including how to share a quantity in a given ratio and real life ratio problems.

There are also ratio* *worksheets based on Edexcel, AQA and OCR exam questions, along with further guidance on where to go next if you’re still stuck.

**Dividing ratios** is a way of sharing a quantity in given **parts** of a ratio.

These questions can get quite wordy as they can apply directly to **real life** problems, usually involving money or food. This means that it is likely that you will have to draw out the relevant information from the question. You can also expect your answers to be integers (whole numbers), decimals, fractions or mixed numbers.

**Share into a ratio**

For example,

Share the amount £10 in the ratio 2:3.

Here, the quantity is £10, which is being shared in the parts of the ratio, 2 and 3. Our aim is to find an **equivalent ratio** where the **sum of the ratio** parts is equal to 10.

Currently we know the following facts,

The quantity = £10

The ratio = 2:3

We need to determine how many shares there are in the ratio overall.

We do this by **adding** the parts of the ratio together, 2+3=5 shares.

We have £10 being split into 5 shares, and so we **divide** the quantity by the total amount of shares of the ratio 10 \div 5=2.

We call this the **value of one share**.

So each share is worth £2.

If there are 2 shares in the first part of the ratio, and each share is £2, we **multiply** these values together to get the amount for that part of the ratio 2 \times £2=£4.

Repeating this for the second part of the ratio, we get 3 \times £2=£6.

The solution is £4:£6 (in that order).

To **check** your solution, add the final parts of the ratio together. If it is correct, this total should match the original quantity £4+£6=£10. This is correct.

**Note:** Don’t be tempted to write your answer in its simplest form – you are finding an equivalent ratio where the parts total the quantity. That being said, it is a good way to check if your solution is correct. 4:6 does simplify to 2:3 , the original ratio.

The example above shows the use of bar modelling in how to share a quantity in a given ratio. Let’s have a look at another example using a three part ratio.

For example,

A bag contains 24 sweets. Three friends share the sweets in the ratio of 1:2:3. How many sweets does each person get?

If person A gets 1 share, person B gets 2 shares and person C gets 3 shares, each time the parts are shared, we are using 1+2+3=6 parts.

Each share is therefore worth 24 \div 6=4.

If A gets 1 share, B gets 2 shapes and C gets 3 shares, we have

This gives us the ratio 4:8:12.

In order to divide a quantity by a ratio:

**Add the parts of the ratio together.****Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.****Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

Get your free sharing in a ratio worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions on dividing ratios.

DOWNLOAD FREEGet your free sharing in a ratio worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions on dividing ratios.

DOWNLOAD FREE**Dividing ratios** is part of our series of lessons to support revision on **ratio**. You may find it helpful to start with the main ratio lesson for a summary of what to expect, or use the step by step guides below for further detail on individual topics. Other lessons in this series include:

Share the amount £120 in the ratio 1:4.

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

2**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

3**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

Answer,

£24:£96 .

A bag of sweets contains 600 sweets. The sweets were divided between boys and girls in the ratio 1:2. If there are 25 girls, how many sweets did each girl receive?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

So we have the amount of 600 and the ratio 1:2.

1+2=3.

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

600 \div 3=200

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

\begin{aligned} &200 \times 1=200 \\\\ &200 \times 2=400 \end{aligned}

400 sweets were given to the 25 girls so

400 \div 25=16 .

Answer,

16 sweets.

30 glue sticks were divided in 3 groups in the ratio 3:2:1. Calculate how many glue sticks each group received.

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

3+2+1=6

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

30 \div 6=5

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

\begin{aligned} &5 \times 3=15 \\\\ &5 \times 2=10 \\\\ &5 \times 1=5 \end{aligned}

Answer,

15:10:5 .

A garage sells hatchbacks and SUVs. 1600 cars were sold in one year at the garage, in the ratio of 3:2 of hatchbacks to SUVs. How many hatchbacks were sold?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

3+2=5

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

1600 \div 5=320

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

\begin{aligned} &320 \times 3=960 \\\\ &320 \times 2=640 \end{aligned}

Answer,

960 hatchbacks.

Concrete is made from 1 part cement, 2 parts sand and 3 parts gravel. If Jarred wants to make 900kg of concrete, how much sand does he need?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

1+2+3=6

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

900 \div 6=150

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

150 \times 2=300kg

Answer,

300kg of sand.

A cocktail is made from mixing pineapple juice, orange juice, and sparkling water in the ratio 300ml:700ml:0.5l. How much of each quantity would be needed to make 6l of cocktail?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

All the units must be the same in the ratio and so 0.5l = 500ml sparkling water and so the ratio of pineapple to orange to sparkling water is 300:700:500. This means the total is equal to

300+700+500=1500ml=1.5l .

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

6 \div 1.5=4

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

\begin{aligned} 4\times{300}=1200\text{ml} \\\\ 4\times{700}=2800\text{ml} \\\\ 4\times{200}=2000\text{ml} \end{aligned}

Answer,

1200ml of pineapple juice,

2800ml of orange juice,

2000ml of sparkling water.

Or

1.2l of pineapple juice,

2.8l of orange juice,

2l of sparkling water.

The bar model below shows the ratio of the length of time the red, yellow and green traffic lights are on during one sequence.

In one day, how many hours is each light on?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

Adding up the number of shares in the bar we have 3+2+5=10 .

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

A day has 24 hours and so 24 \div 10=2.4 .

So each share represents 2.4 hours.

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

Looking at each colour, we have

Red = 2.4 \times 3=7.2 hours

Yellow = 2.4 \times 2=4.8 hours

Green = 2.4 \times 5=12 hours

Answer,

Red = 7.2 hours ( 7 hours 12 minutes),

Yellow = 4.8 hours ( 4 hours 48 minutes),

Green = 12 hours.

Maxine and Niamh share some money in the ratio 3:5. Nimah receives £45. How much money was shared?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

Adding up the number of shares in the bar we have 3+5=8 .

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

We cannot do this. We have been told that 5 parts are £45. So we divide £45 by 5 to find the value on each share.

45 \div 5=9

So each share represents £9.

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

We can work out Maxine’s part,

3 \times 9=£27 .

Then we can work out the total money,

£27+£45=£72 .

So, £72 was shared between Maxine and Niamh.

Here is the question as a bar model.

**Ratios and fractions confusion**

Take care when writing ratios as fractions and vice-versa. Most ratios we come across are *part:part*. The ratio here of *purple:pink* is 1:2. So the fraction which is purple is \frac{1}{3} (not \frac{1}{2} ).

**Dividing the ratio by each part**

As you need to divide something, it is incorrectly assumed that the amount is divided by each part of the ratio separately. Take for example “divide £120 in the ratio 2:3 ”. The answer is created by dividing £120 by 2, and then £120 by 3 to get £60:£40.

This does not make sense as the answer ratio is not equivalent to the original ratio. Instead the amount is divided by the sum of the parts in the ratio 120 \div (2+3)=120 \div 5=£24 , and then multiplied by each part in the ratio 24 \times 2=£48, \ 24 \times 3=£72.

**Mixing units**

Make sure that all the units in the ratio are the same. For example, in example 6 , all the units in the ratio were in millilitres. We did not mix ml and l in the ratio.

**What numbers to use**

Knowing what each number represents is very important for these types of questions. First we use the parts in the ratio ( 1:2 means 1+2=3 so we have a total of 3 parts in the ratio). We then divide the quantity given by the number of parts.

The unit will therefore be the same as this calculates the value of each part or share. We then multiply the value per share by each value in the ratio, which will have the same unit as the original amount. If you get confused, write the units down on each line of working.

**Counting the number of parts in the ratio, not the total number of shares**

The ratio 5:4 has 9 shares, and 2 parts. This is because the ratio contains 2 numbers but the sum of these parts (the number of shares) is 5+4=9. You need to find the value per shape, so you need to use the 9 shares in your next line of working.

**Simplifying the answer**

When sharing a quantity in a given ratio, you are finding an equivalent ratio. You do not need to simplify the answer.

1. There are 10 boys and 9 girls. Each person is to receive the same amount from £380. How much do all the boys, and all the girls receive? Express your answer as a ratio.

£1900:£1710

£200:£180

£180:£200

£10:£9

\begin{aligned}
&£380, \ 10:9 \\\\
&10+9=19 \\\\
&£380 \div 19=20 \\\\
&20 \times 10=200 \\\\
&20 \times 9=180
\end{aligned}

2. A company made £72000 profit. It divides the profit between its employees (E) and its shareholders (S). The shareholders receive 55\% of the profit. Calculate how much money the employees receive, giving your answer as a ratio in the form E:S.

£9:£11

£36000:£36000

£32400:£39600

£39600:£32400

\begin{aligned}
&£72,000, \ 45:55 (=9:11) \\\\
&9+11=20 \\\\
&72000 \div 20=£3600 \\\\
&3600 \times 9=£32400 \\\\
&3600 \times 11=£39600
\end{aligned}

3. A swimming club is tracking its members. They have 7668 members in the ratio of 2:3:4 (Males : Females : Children). Calculate how many people there are in each category.

1704:2556:3408

2556:2556:2556

2:3:4

3834:2556:1917

\begin{aligned}
&7668, \ 2:3:4 \\\\
&2+3+4=9 \\\\
&7668 \div 9=852 \\\\
&852 \times 2=1704 \\\\
&852 \times 3=2556 \\\\
&852 \times 4=3408
\end{aligned}

4. A farm is processing cherries into two categories, stalk attached or stalk not attached. In one season, the farm produces 150,000 cherries of which the ratio of those with and without stalks is 8:7 respectively. How many cherries are in each category? Express your answer as a ratio.

118750:21429

70,000:80,000

8:7

80,000:70,000

\begin{aligned}
&150,000, \ 8:7 \\\\
&8+7=15 \\\\
&150,000 \div 15=10,000 \\\\
&10,000 \times 8=80,000 \\\\
&10,000 \times 7=70,000
\end{aligned}

5. Air is made up of nitrogen, oxygen, and other gases in the ratio 78:21:1. A 5l balloon is filled with air. How much oxygen is in the balloon?

3900:1050:50

78:21:1

1050ml \ / \ 1.05l

3900ml \ / \ 3.9l

\begin{aligned}
&5L=5000ml, \ 78:21:1 \\\\
&78+21+1=100 \\\\
&5000 \div 100=50 \\\\
&50 \times 21=1050
\end{aligned}

The amount of oxygen is 1050ml or 1.05l.

6. A recipe for shortbread consists of plain flour, butter and caster sugar in the ratio 3:2:1. How much plain flour would I need for 900g of shortbread?

300g

450g

100g

150g

\begin{aligned}
&900g, \ 3:2:1 \\\\
&3+2+1=6 \\\\
&900 \div 6=150 \\\\
&150 \times 3=450g
\end{aligned}

1. Purple paint is sold in 18l pots. The colour ratio of paint within the pot is 8:3:1 of white to red to blue.

If 5 pots of purple paint were ordered, how much red paint was used to make the purple paint?

**(3 marks)**

Show answer

18 \times 5=60l

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2. (a) A soap is made from 2 ingredients A and B in the ratio 5:11. If I have 1.5l of ingredient A , how much of ingredient B would I need to make the soap?

(b) The soap is dispensed into 400ml bottles for sale. How much of ingredient A is in one of these bottles?

**(4 marks)**

Show answer

(a)

1.5 \div 5=0.3l \ (300ml)

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(b)

400 \div (5+11)=25ml

**(1)**

25 \times 5=125ml of ingredient A .

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3. Grace and Hugh share some money in the ratio of 10:7. Grace receives £66 more than Hugh. How much money did Hugh receive?

**(3 marks)**

Show answer

66 \div (10-7)=66 \div 3=22

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4. Pat and Quin share some sweets.

Pat receives 16 sweets and Quinn receives 20 sweets.

Express the ratio of Pat’s sweets to Quinn’s sweets.

Give your answer in its simplest form.

**(2 marks)**

Show answer

P:Q=16:20

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You have now learned how to:

- Divide a given quantity in 2 parts in a given
*part:part*ratio - Express the division of a quantity in 2 parts as a ratio

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