Help your students prepare for their Maths GCSE with this free translating shapes worksheet of 25 questions and answers
Translation is a transformation which moves 2d shapes around a coordinate grid. Translations are described by vectors which tell us how many units left or right and how many units up or down to move the shape. All of the vertices of a shape are moved by the same amount.
When describing translations of shapes it can be helpful to use a column vector. We count the number of units the shape has moved horizontally and write this number at the top of the column vector; if the shape has moved to the right this number will be positive, if the shape has moved to the left this number will be negative. We then count the number of units the shape has moved vertically and write this number at the bottom of the column vector; if the shape has moved upwards this number will be positive, if the shape has moved downwards this number will be negative. It is important to count from a point on the original shape to the same point on the translated image.
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