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Addition and subtraction Multiplication and division Fractions Fractions as division Converting fractions, decimals, and percentages Equivalent fractionsHere you will learn about dividing ratios, including how to share a quantity in a given ratio and real-life ratio problems.

Students will first learn about dividing ratios as part of ratios and proportional relationships in 6 th grade.

**Dividing ratios** is a way of sharing a quantity in given **parts** of a ratio. This can also be referred to as βdividing a quantity by a ratio.β

Problems involving dividing ratios can get quite wordy as they typically apply directly to **real-life** problems, usually involving money or food.

This means that it is likely that you will have to draw out the relevant information from the word problem. You can also expect your answers to be integers (whole numbers), decimals, fractions, or mixed numbers.

Use this quiz to check your grade 6 to 7 studentsβ understanding of ratios. 10+ questions with answers covering a range of 6th and 7th grade ratio topics to identify areas of strength and support!

DOWNLOAD FREEUse this quiz to check your grade 6 to 7 studentsβ understanding of ratios. 10+ questions with answers covering a range of 6th and 7th grade ratio topics to identify areas of strength and support!

DOWNLOAD FREEFor example,

Share the amount \$ 10 in the ratio 2\text{:}3.

Here, the quantity is \$ 10, which is being shared in the parts of the ratio, 2 and 3. You need to find an **equivalent ratio** where the **sum of the ratio** parts is equal to 10.

Currently, you know the following facts:

The quantity =\$ 10

The ratio =2\text{:}3

You need to determine how many shares there are in the ratio overall.

You do this by **adding** the parts of the ratio together: 2+3=5 shares.

You have \$ 10 being split into 5 shares, and so you **divide** the quantity by the total amount of shares of the ratio 10\div5=2.

This is the **value of one share**.

So each share is worth \$ 2.

If there are 2 shares in the first part of the ratio, and each share is \$ 2, you **multiply** these values together to get the amount for that part of the ratio: 2 \times \$ 2=\$ 4.

Repeating this for the second part of the ratio, you get: 3 \times \$ 2=\$ 6.

The solution is \$ 4\text{:}\$ 6 (in that order).

To **check** your solution, add the final parts of the ratio together. If it is correct, the total should match the original quantity \$ 4+\$ 6=\$ 10. This is correct.

Note: Donβt be tempted to write your answer in its simplest form; you are finding an equivalent ratio where the parts total the quantity. That being said, it is a good way to check if your solution is correct. 4\text{:}6 does simplify to 2\text{:}3, the original ratio.

The example above shows the use of bar modeling in how to share a quantity in a given ratio. Letβs have a look at another example using a three-part ratio.

For example,

A bag contains 24 sweets. Three friends share the sweets in a ratio of 1\text{:}2\text{:}3. How many sweets does each person get?

If person A gets 1 share, person B gets 2 shares and person C gets 3 shares, each time the parts are shared, you are using 1+2+3=6 parts.

Each share is therefore worth 24 \div 6=4.

If A gets 1 share, B gets 2 shares and C gets 3 shares, you have

This gives us the ratio 4\text{:}8\text{:}12.

How does this relate to 6 th grade math?

**Grade 6 – Ratios and Proportional Relationships (6.RP.A.3)**Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve real-world and mathematical problems, example, by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations.

In order to divide a quantity by a ratio:

**Add the parts of the ratio together.****Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.****Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

Share the amount \$ 120 in the ratio 1\text{:}4.

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

2**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

3**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

Answer: \$ 24\text{:}\$ 96

A bag of sweets contains 600 sweets. The sweets were divided between boys and girls in the ratio 1\text{:}2. If there are 25 girls, how many sweets did each girl receive?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

So you have the amount of 600 and the ratio 1\text{:}2.

1+2=3.

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

600 \div 3=200

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

200 \times 1=200

200 \times 2=400

400 sweets were given to the 25 girls, so

400 \div 25=16

Answer: 16 sweets

30 glue sticks were divided into 3 groups in the ratio 3\text{:}2\text{:}1. Calculate how many glue sticks each group received.

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

3+2+1=6

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

30 \div 6=5

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

5 \times 3=15

5 \times 2=10

5 \times 1=5

Answer: 15\text{:}10\text{:}5

A dealership sells hatchbacks and SUVs. 1,600 cars were sold in one year at the dealership in the ratio of 3\text{:}2 of hatchbacks to SUVs. How many hatchbacks were sold?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

3+2=5

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

1600 \div 5=320

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

320 \times 3=960

320 \times 2=640

Answer: 960 hatchbacks

Note: you do not need to work out all of the values in the new ratio but this can be helpful to check your answer is correct as the sum of these values must be the original amount.

Concrete is made from 1 part cement, 2 parts sand, and 3 parts gravel. If Jarred wants to make 900 \, kg of concrete, how much sand does he need?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

1+2+3=6

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

900 \div 6=150

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

150 \times 2=300 \mathrm{~kg}

Answer: 300\mathrm{~kg} of sand

A cocktail is made from mixing pineapple juice, orange juice, and sparkling water in the ratio 300\mathrm{~ml}\text{:}700\mathrm{~ml}\text{:}0.5\mathrm{~L}. How much of each quantity would be needed to make 6\mathrm{~L} of cocktail?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

All the units must be the same in the ratio. 0.5\mathrm{~L}=500\mathrm{~ml} sparkling water, so the ratio of pineapple to orange to sparkling water is 300\text{:}700\text{:}500. This means the total is equal to

300+700+500=1500\mathrm{~ml}=1.5\mathrm{~L}

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

6 \div 1.5=4

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

4\times{300}=1200\mathrm{~ml}

4\times{700}=2800\mathrm{~ml}

4\times{500}=2000\mathrm{~ml}

Answer:

1,200\mathrm{~ml} of pineapple juice (=1.2\mathrm{~L})

2,800\mathrm{~ml} of orange juice (=2.8\mathrm{~L})

2,000\mathrm{~ml} of sparkling water (=2\mathrm{~L})

The bar model below shows the ratio of the length of time the red, yellow, and green traffic lights are on during one sequence.

In one day, how many hours is each light on?

**Add the parts of the ratio together.**

Adding up the number of shares in the bar, you have 3+2+5=10 .

**Divide the quantity by the sum of the parts.**

A day has 24 hours, and so 24 \div 10=2.4 .

Each share represents 2.4 hours.

**Multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.**

Looking at each color, you have

Red: 2.4 \times 3=7.2 hours

Yellow: 2.4 \times 2=4.8 hours

Green: 2.4 \times 5=12 hours

Answer

Red =7.2 hours ( 7 hours 12 minutes)

Yellow =4.8 hours ( 4 hours 48 minutes)

Green =12 hours

In order to find the whole quantity given the amount of one part of the ratio:

**Divide the amount by the correct part of the ratio.****Multiply the share value by the other parts in the ratio.****Add the amounts from each part of the ratio.**

Maxine and Niamh share some money in the ratio 3\text{:}5. Niamh receives \$ 45. How much money was shared?

**Divide the amount by the correct part of the ratio.**

You have been told that 5 parts are \$ 45. So you divide \$ 45 by 5 to find the value of each share.

45 \div 5=9

Each share represents \$ 9.

**Multiply the share value by the other parts in the ratio.**

You can now work out Maxineβs part.

3 \times 9=\$ 27

**Add the amounts from each part of the ratio.**

Maxine has \$ 27 and Niamh has \$ 45 , so

\$ 27+\$ 45=\$ 72

Answer: \$ 72 was shared between Maxine and Niamh.

Here is the question as a bar model.

- Be sure that students understand the fundamentals of ratios before introducing dividing ratios.
**Step-by-step guide:**Ratio**Step-by-step guide:**How to write a ratio

- Use word problems that relate to real life. For instance, if a recipe calls for a ratio of 2\text{:}3 (flour to sugar) and you need to divide this ratio for a smaller batch, show how to apply the division in context.

- If students are struggling, explain that dividing ratios relates to fractions because ratios can be expressed as fractions, and dividing a ratio is the same as dividing corresponding fractions.

For example, dividing the ratio 4\text{:}5 by 2 is like dividing the fraction \cfrac{4}{5} by 2, which simplifies to \cfrac{2}{5}.

As you can see, the first number of the ratio is the same as the numerator of the fraction, and the second number of the ratio is the denominator of the fraction. The quotient represents the new ratio after division.

- Solve several worksheet problems together as a class. Start with simple examples and gradually increase complexity.

**Ratios and fractions confusion**

Take care when writing ratios as fractions and vice versa. Most ratios you come across are \text{part}\text{:}\text{part} and not \text{part}\text{:}\text{total number of parts.}

The ratio here of \text{red}\text{:}\text{yellow} is 1\text{:}2. So the fraction which is red is \cfrac{1}{3} (not \cfrac{1}{2} ) because 1 out of a total of 3 parts are red.

**Dividing the ratio by each part**

As you need to divide something, it is incorrectly assumed that the amount is divided by each part of the ratio separately. Take for example βdivide \$ 120 in the ratio 2\text{:}3β.

The answer is created by dividing \$ 120 by 2, and then \$ 120 by 3 to get \$ 60\text{:}\$ 40.

This does not make sense as the answer ratio is not equivalent to the original ratio. Instead, the amount is divided by the sum of the parts in the ratio 120 \div(2+3)=120 \div 5=\$ 24, and then multiplied by each part in the ratio 24 \times 2=\$ 48,24 \times 3=\$ 72.

**Mixing units or using the wrong units**

Make sure that all the units in the ratio are the same. For example, in example 6, the answer shows the units in the ratio were in milliliters OR liters. You did not mix ml and L in the ratio.

**Not knowing what numbers to use**

Knowing what each number represents is very important for these types of questions. If you get confused, write the units down on each line of work.

**Counting the number of parts in the ratio, not the total number of shares**

The ratio 5\text{:}4 has 9 shares and 2 parts. This is because the ratio contains 2 numbers but the sum of these parts (the number of shares) is 5+4=9.

You need to find the value per share, so you need to use the 9 shares in your next line of work.

**Simplifying the answer**

When sharing a quantity in a given ratio, you are finding an equivalent ratio. You do not need to simplify the answer.

- Ratio problem solving
- Simplifying ratios
- Unit rate math
- How to find the unit rate
- How to calculate exchange rates
- Ratio to fraction
- Ratio to percent
- Ratio scale
- Constant of proportionality

1. There are 10 boys and 9 girls. Each person is to receive the same amount of \$ 380. How much do all the boys, and all the girls receive? Express your answer as a ratio of boys\text{:}girls.

\$ 1900\text{:}\$ 1710

\$ 200\text{:}\$ 180

\$ 180\text{:}\$ 200

\$ 10\text{:}\$ 9

Amount: \$ 380

Ratio: 10\text{:}9

\begin{aligned}&10+9=19 \\\\ &\$ 380\div{19}=20 \\\\ &20\times{10}=\$ 200 \\\\ &20\times{9}=\$ 180 \end{aligned}

2. A company made a \$ 72,000 profit. It divides the profit between its employees (E) and its shareholders (S). The shareholders receive 55 \% of the profit. Calculate how much money the employees receive, giving your answer as a ratio in the form E\text{:}S.

\$ 9\text{:}\$ 11

\$ 36000\text{:}\$ 36000

\$ 32400\text{:}\$ 39600

\$ 39600\text{:}\$ 32400

Amount: \$ 72,000

Ratio: 45\text{:}55 \, (=9\text{:}11)

\begin{aligned}&9+11=20 \\\\ &72000\div{20}=\$ 3600 \\\\ &3600\times{9}=\$ 32400 \\\\ &3600\times{11}=\$ 39600 \end{aligned}

3. A swimming club is tracking its members. They have 7,668 members in the ratio of 2\text{:}3{:}4 \, (Males\text{:}Females\text{:}Children). Calculate how many members are children.

3408

2556

1704

1917

Amount: 7668

Ratio: 2\text{:}3\text{:}4

\begin{aligned}&2+3+4=9 \\\\ &7668\div{9}=852 \\\\ &852\times{2}=1704 \, (Males) \\\\ &852\times{3}=2556 \, (Females) \\\\ &852\times{4}=3408 \, (Children) \end{aligned}

Answer: 3408 members are children

4. A farm is processing cherries into two categories, stalk attached or stalk not attached. In one season, the farm produces 150,000 cherries of which the ratio of those with and without stalks is 8\text{:}7 respectively. How many cherries are in each category? Express your answer as a ratio.

18750\text{:}21429

70,000\text{:}80,000

80,000

80,000\text{:}70,000

Amount: 150,000

Ratio: 8\text{:}7

\begin{aligned}&8+7=15 \\\\ &150,000\div{15}=10,000 \\\\ &10,000\times{8}=80,000 \\\\ &10,000\times{7}=70,000 \end{aligned}Β

5. Air is made up of nitrogen, oxygen, and other gasses in the ratio 78\text{:}21\text{:}1. A 5\mathrm{~L} balloon is filled with air. How much oxygen is in the balloon?

3900\text{:}1050\text{:}50

78\text{:}21\text{:}1

1050\mathrm{~ml}=1.05\mathrm{~L}

3900\mathrm{~ml}=3.9\mathrm{~L}

Amount: 5\mathrm{~L}=5000\mathrm{~ml}

Ratio: 78\text{:}21\text{:}1

\begin{aligned}&78+21+1=100 \\\\ &5000\div{100}=50 \\\\ &50\times{21}=1050 \end{aligned}

The amount of oxygen is 1050\mathrm{~ml} or 1.05\mathrm{~L}.

6. A recipe for shortbread consists of plain flour, butter, and sugar in the ratio 3\text{:}2\text{:}1. Mary has 900 \, g of butter and plenty of sugar. How much plain flour does Mary need if she wants to use all of the butter?

450\mathrm{~g}

1350\mathrm{~g}

600\mathrm{~g}

2700\mathrm{~g}

Amount of butter: 900\mathrm{~g}

Part of the ratio for butter: 2

Part of the ratio for flour: 3

900\div{2}=450\mathrm{~g} ( 1 share)

450\times{3}=1350\mathrm{~g} (amount of flour)

Dividing ratios is a way of sharing a quantity in given parts of a ratio.

To divide a quantity by a ratio, first you add the parts of the ratio together, then divide the quantity by the sum of the parts, and finally, multiply the share value by each part in the ratio.

Dividing ratios is similar to dividing fractions because ratios can be expressed as fractions, and you divide the ratio by treating it like a fraction. For example, dividing the ratio 5\text{:}6 by 2 is like dividing the fraction \cfrac{5}{6} by 2.

Dividing ratios is useful in real-life situations such as resizing recipes, splitting expenses, or adjusting proportions in construction projects, as it helps maintain the correct balance between quantities.

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