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FREE 6th Grade Math Test And Answer Key: Prepare Students For State Assessments

This 6th grade math test is perfect for assessing your students’ math knowledge. The test includes multiple-choice questions, short answer response questions and an extended response question all focused on topics from the 6th grade math standards.

What content is covered in 6th grade math? 

Curriculum and standards vary by state, but most state’s math standards cover similar topics. 

This math test assesses students’ knowledge and understanding of sixth grade topics such as: 

  • Ratios and percentages
  • Rational numbers
  • Operations with decimals
  • Division of fractions
  • One and two-step word problems
  • One-variable equations and inequalities
  • Algebraic expressions and exponents
  • Graphing on the coordinate plane
  • Area, volume and surface area of shapes (parallelograms and quadrilaterals)
  • Measuring side lengths
  • Time
6th Grade Common Core Practice Test

6th Grade Common Core Practice Test

Download this free 6th grade math test for state assessment preparation. Includes answer key with answers organized by standard.

What to expect from this 6th grade math test

This 6th grade mathematics test is designed to prepare students for their state’s assessment at the end of the year. 

The math practice test includes: 

  • 40 multiple-choice questions
  • 2 extended response question 
  • Answer key 
  • Answers sorted by domain

Aligned to the common core standards

Created by experienced elementary math teachers, this test is designed for use in a 6th grade math classroom. Test questions are aligned to the sixth grade Common Core State Standards and cover content from the following CCSS domains: 

  • Ratios and Proportional Relationships
  • The Number System
  • Expressions and Exponents 
  • Geometry
  • Statistics and Probability

6th grade math questions 

There are 42 questions of increasing difficulty and questions are broken down into three types:

  • Multiple choice
  • Short answer response
  • Extended response

A detailed answer key is provided for the multiple choice section. This includes 

  • The correct answer for each question 
  • The standard(s) the question covers 
  • The depth of knowledge (DOK) level of the question. 

Short answer and extended response questions include a scoring guide with a detailed rationale for each possible score students can receive. 

As well as helping with scoring each test, the answer key and rationale inform teachers of the areas each student may need help with. 

Standards are mixed throughout the test and given in no particular order to better reflect the make up of the state assessments. To help teachers better track student understanding, a second answer key, organized by domain, is also provided.

How to use this 6th grade math test

This 6th grade math test is designed to be used in class as a mock state assessment . It will help to familiarize 6th grade students with the length of the test and the types of questions they’ll see. 

Teachers may choose to use this test in a few different ways: 

  • Set as a mock state assessment
  • During small group practice; students may collaborate and talk through the questions
  • Set as homework
  • Break questions down in math intervention groups
  • Assess student knowledge of a particular topic; teachers may use questions individually as exit tickets or quizzes
  • Identify areas of support for students
  • Identify students who require a math intervention

At Third Space Learning we know that no one knows your students like a teacher does so schools decide which standards each student needs additional practice with each week. 

Each one-on-one math tutoring lesson is designed to close learning gaps and address misconceptions and high-quality math tutors personalize the pitch and pace to fit each student.

After each session, teachers receive a detailed report for each student, showing topics covered, skills practiced and progress made.

6th grade multiplication lesson

Methodology behind this 6th grade math test

Before creating this test, our expert math teachers reviewed state assessments from multiple states and compared the distribution of domains throughout the tests and standards within each domain. Using this data, questions were expertly written to best show students’ understanding of each standard. 

The distribution of domains within this test is as follows:

  • Ratios and Proportional Relationships – 14%
  • The Number System – 26%
  • Expressions and Equations – 29%
  • Geometry – 14%
  • Statistics and Probability – 17%

6th Grade Math Test: Practice CCSS State Test

Questions for our 6th grade math test follow. Don’t forget to download the free 6th grade math practice test for the answer key and answers sorted by domain to accompany these questions.

Multiple choice questions

CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade

Extended response questions

CCSS practice test 6th grade
CCSS practice test 6th grade
More grade level math practice tests:

FAQs

What are the topics in Grade 6 mathematics?

The topics in Grade 6 mathematics can vary by state. Overall most states have a very similar curriculum for their sixth graders. Topics covered in Grade 6 mathematics by the majority of states are: 
• Ratios and percentages
• Rational numbers
• Operations with decimals
• Division of fractions
• One and two-step word problems
• One-variable equations and inequalities
• Algebra exponents
• Graphing on the coordinate plane
• Area, volume and surface area of shapes (parallelograms and quadrilaterals)
• Measuring side lengths
• Time

What math are you supposed to take in 6th grade?

In the sixth grade, students are introduced to algebraic expressions to help set foundations for middle school algebra. Additionally, they begin to explore negative numbers and use ratio and proportion to solve problems, use four quadrants on a coordinate grid, review long division, find quotients of a fraction, decimal arithmetic, the area of triangles and the surface area and volume of rectangular prisms.

What 6th graders should know?

In the first year of middle school, students should start to understand more advanced mathematics skills. They should be able to work with decimal numbers up to the hundredths place, use integers and, in algebra, understand the value of the expression. Students also need advanced skills in English, including being able to write clearly to provide detailed information, tell a story and back up their opinions on the language arts front.

Do you have students who need extra support in math?
Give your students more opportunities to consolidate learning and practice skills through personalized math tutoring with their own dedicated online math tutor.

Each student receives differentiated instruction designed to close their individual learning gaps, and scaffolded learning ensures every student learns at the right pace. Lessons are aligned with your state’s standards and assessments, plus you’ll receive regular reports every step of the way.

Personalized one-on-one math tutoring programs are available for:
2nd grade tutoring
3rd grade tutoring
4th grade tutoring
5th grade tutoring
6th grade tutoring
7th grade tutoring
8th grade tutoring

Why not learn more about how it works?

Christi Kulesza
Christi Kulesza
Third Space Learning
US Math Specialist & Author
Christi has 10 years of elementary education experience in both the general education and special education classrooms. She is passionate about helping children fall in love with math!
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6th Grade Common Core Practice Test

6th Grade Common Core Practice Test

Download this free 6th grade math test for state assessment preparation. Includes answer key with answers organized by standard.

Download FREE Now!

6th Grade Common Core Practice Test

Downloadable resource

Download this free 6th grade math test for state assessment preparation. Includes answer key with answers organized by standard.

Download FREE Now!
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3rd to 6th Grade Math Test [FREE]

Always searching for high quality, pedagogically sound, off-the-shelf questions you can trust? Help students prepare for your state’s math tests with these practice assessments carefully created by our math experts to save you time.

Includes 40 multiple choice questions with detailed answers to support test prep, covering a range of topics and aligned to state standards.

TEST YOUR CLASS